Best Water Filtration | Berkey Filter Specs

I've searched for quite some time to find what I feel is the ultimate water filtration system. 

I wanted a portable system which was gravity fed therefore needed no electricity to operate. I wanted to avoid plastic as in most filtration units and the filters. Common household canister carbon filters are not only housed in plastic, but they don’t filter out arsenic, bacteria, viruses, fluoride nitrates, THM’s, or chlorination byproducts.

More expensive systems become useless during emergencies when power and or water pressure is lost and still have their drawbacks.

Distillation: Removes beneficial minerals from water, does not remove VOCs (chemicals found in herbicides, pesticides and fertilizers).

Reverse Osmosis: Removes beneficial minerals from water, does not remove pathogenic bacteria, filter is not re-cleanable, there is no feedback mechanism for filter replacement and reservoir tank can become a breeding ground for bacteria.


My quest for a good water filter brought me to the Big Berkey.

The Big Berkey system removes pathogenic bacteria, cysts and parasites and harmful chemicals such as herbicides, pesticides, and VOCs without removing the beneficial minerals your body needs. Constructed of highly polished non reactive 304 stainless steel; this is the same as 18/8 , the system comes complete with four 9" ceramic elements.

The Big Berkey canister can hold 2.25 gallons (8.5 liters) and when in use it stands 19.25" in height with a diameter of 8.5". The upper chamber nests within the lower chamber for transport and stands only 13" in height. The only plastic on the system is a polyethylene spigot and 4 nuts which hold the filters in place.

The Black Berkey elements are made from ceramic impregnated with carbon and silver. These filters are washable. Each durable and efficient self-sterilizing element can be cleaned with a toothbrush or scrub pad and will last for 6,000 gallons (That's almost 23,000 Liters), less than 2 cents per gallon of water. This is possible because of the filters unique ability to be cleaned up to 100 times.

The Berkey™ Filter element had extensive testing at State & EPA accredited laboratories and far exceed EPA & ANSI/NSF (Std. 53) protocol. The Black Berkey elements have been tested by the University of Phoenix. Spectrum Labs and the Department of Toxicology and Environmental Science Louisiana University.

  • Pathogenic Bacteria Parasites and Cysts E. Coli, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas,Aeriginousis, Giardia, Cryptosporidium Removed to non-detectable levels
  • Inorganic Minerals: Chlorine Removed to non-detectable levels Heavy Metals Lead, Mercury, Aluminum, Cadmium, Chromium, Copper Greater than 95% reduction
  • Fertilizers and Related Byproducts Nitrates and Nitrites Greater than 85% reduction
  • At 19mg. per liter Fluoride With the addition of the Berkey PF-2 filter you can remove Fluoride
  • 95% Viruses removes to Purification Standards
  • Trihalomethanes Bromodichloromethane - Bromoform - Chloroform - Dibromochloromethane Removed to below detectable limits
  • Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC's) Removed to below detectable limits

Removed to below detectable limits :
Alachlor
Atrazine
Benzene
Carbofuran
Carbon Tetrachloride
Chlorine
Chlorobenzene
Chloroform
2,4-D
dbcp
p-Dichlorobenzene
o-Dichlorobenzene
1, 1-Dichloroethane
1, 2-Dichlorpethane
1, 1-Dichloroethylene
Cis-1, 2-
Dichloroethyiene
Trans-1,2-
Dichloroethylene
1, 2-Dichloropropane
cis-l,3-
Dichloropropylene
Dinoseb
Endrin
Ethylbenzene Ethylene Dibromide (EDB)
Heptachlor
Heptachlor Epoxide
Hexachlorobutodlene
Hexachloro-
Cyclopentadlene
Lindane
Methoxychlor
MTBE
Pentachlorophenol
Simazine
Styrene
1,1,2,2-
Tetrachloroethane
Tetrachloroethylene
Toluene
2,4,5-TP (Silvex)
1,2,4-trichlorobenzene
1,1,1-trichloroethane
1,1,2-trichloroethane
Trichloroethylene
o-Xylene

Big Berkey has been used by relief Organizations such as UNICEF, the Peace Corps, Missionary organizations and Red Cross Societies Internationally. I purchased mine 2 years ago now and it has been working great for us, other family members have also chosen this great filtration system.

I was so excited to have found it for a great price so others can have easy access to purchasing this unit.

More Berkey Info & Lab Results:










ANALYTICAL SERVICES, INC. (ASI)

Microbiological Testing, Research and Consulting

130 Allen Brook Ln., PO Box 515, Williston, VT 05495 USA
1.800.723.4432 / 802.878.5138 Fax: 802.878.6765
www.analyticalservices.com

Subject: Microbiological Challenge Study; ASI Report 36463RAbr


Project Description

The objective of this testing was to establish preliminary data regarding the efficacy of viral removal / inactivation from clean water, in preparation for a full challenge study using NSF P248 Emergency Military Operations Microbiological Water Purifiers (Dec. 2008). Berkey Water provided one Travel Berkey drinking water treatment unit and four (4) Black Berkey filter cartridges for testing. It is understood the unit contains a complex, proprietary filter matrix that treats water from the 1.5 gallon (5.7L) reservoir, and that no true integrity test procedure is currently available to verify the condition of the filter media and proper installation.
The Travel Berkey unit was operated as per manufacturer's instructions. This initial testing was performed using viral (MS2 and fr coliphages) and bacterial (Raoultella terrigena) challenge organisms as per P248 to demonstrate 4 log and 6 log reduction, respectively. (Cryptosporidium, also specified in P248, was not be used in these initial trials as per Berkey Water's instructions). Organisms were propagated as per ASI's standard procedures and stock samples collected prior to use as positive control samples.
The challenge water for the initial trial was municipal supply water (dechlorinated by carbon filtration, filtered to 1 μm nominal and disinfected by UV light, which approximates General Test water).
Prior to testing, each filter element was conditioned with approximately 10 gallons (38 L) of unseeded water. During conditioning, one negative control sample was collected from the unit effluent, and was analyzed for all three test organisms. After conditioning, the reservoir was partially filled with four liters (4 L) and seeded to achieve a pretreatment concentration of approximately 10e6 PFU/mL (coliphage) and 10e7 CFU/mL (bacteria). One influent sample was collected immediately from the unit reservoir. The results form the analysis of this sample established the pretreatment concentrations and were used to calculation log reductions of each organism type.
After approximately 50% of the seeded reservoir volume had been processed, effluent samples were collected. Data from these analyses were used to determine the log reduction achieved. The above testing was performed with a single filter element in place; MS2 and Raoultella were tested first, then the unit was emptied, rinsed, disinfected and a second conditioned filter installed for testing with fr coliphage.
At the end of the MS2 and Raoultella trials, an effluent sample was collected a spiked to serve as a control sample to determine whether anti-microbial agents leach into the effluent water. This is critical in terms of claims of treatment within a specific timeframe. This sample was spiked with a known concentration of MS2 (10e3 PFU/mL) and Raoultella (10e3 CFU/mL). Two samples were collected from this seeded control; one sample was analyzed immediately and the other sample was analyzed after approximately three hours contact time. If no anti-microbial agents are present in the treated water, the results for each organism type at different time points are expected to be similar; if analysis of the second sample indicates a substantially lower concentration, it suggests anti-microbial compounds are present in the effluent water. In this case, the compound(s) would need to be identified and neutralized upon sample collection to generate valid microbiological reduction data as the water leaves the unit.
All samples were analyzed quantitatively as per ASI's standard procedures. Log reductions for each organism type, were calculated as follows:
Log Reduction = Log10( Influent concentration / Effluent concentration )

Results

The results of the testing described above are presented in Tables 1-4, below.
Table 1. Summary of log reductions of MS2, fr and R. terrigena in General Test Water achieved by the Black Berkey filters compared to 248 requirements.
Sample IDLog ReductionP248 Requirement

(Minimum)
MS26.244.00
fr coliphage>5.214.00
R. terrigena>6.366.00
Table 2. Concentrations of stock microorganisms (MS2, fr and R. terrigena).
Sample IDAvg. PFU/mL or
CFU/mL
LOG

MS2 Stock6.40E+099.81
fr Stock8.23E+077.92
R. terrigena Stock3.67E+088.56
R. terrigena Stock (Day 2)9.00E+088.95
Table 3. Results of MS2, fr and R. terrigena in General Test Water, filtered with one Black Berkey element.
Sample IDAvg. PFU/mLLOGLog Reduction

MS2 Influent5.27E+066.72N/A
MS2 Effluent3.00E+000.486.24
fr Influent1.64E+055.21
fr Effluent<1<0.00>5.21
R. terrigena Influent4.57E+066.66
R. terrigena Effluent<2<0.3>6.36
Table 4. Summary of leaching test results; MS2 and R. terrigena spiked into product effluent.
Sample IDAvg. PFU/mLLOGLog Reduction

MS2, T06.60E+033.82
MS2, T+3 hrs1.22E+044.09-0.27
R. terrigena, T03.73E+011.57
R. terrigena, T+3 hrs2.07E+011.320.26

Discussion

Flow rate was indicated to be 2.75 gallons per hour (10.4 LPH) with two filter elements installed. The flow rate observed by ASI was approximately 2 LPH. The initial priming was performed as described in the instructions, using the "sport bottle" approach. Although "sweating" was observed over the entire surface of the filters, this did not appear to be completely effective at forcing the air out of the pores of the filter and allowing the expected flow rate. The two filters initially received were re-primed using "priming button" and ASI pressurized reagent water system. This was more effective at priming the filters. The fastest flow rate measured was 200 mL/min or 3.17 GPH.
All controls samples, including stock samples, analytical positive and negative controls, and the negative control collected prior to seeding yielded appropriate results and were accepted.
The results of the leaching control samples (effluent sample spiked with MS2 and R. terrigena and analyzed at two time points) were quite similar, suggesting that no active antimicrobial agent is leaching into the treated water. Please note that the Raoultella concentration was lower than expected due to a low stock concentration, but did not affect the leaching test.
Under the test conditions described, the Black Berkey filters exceeded the minimum log reduction requirements specified in NSF P248 for all three types of microorganisms (Table 1). It was noted that MS2 and R. terrigena were detected in the treated water samples at very low concentrations.
Overall, the unit is well designed and simple to operate, and yielded results that exceeded the target log reduction criteria (4 log viruses, 6 log bacteria) under the clean water test conditions described above. Further testing to determine the performance of the Black Berkey filters under "challenge water" conditions (elevated turbidity, organic carbon, etc.) is recommended as the next step.

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  1. Being aware of reading the best water filter reviews can prove to be truly helpful in making the right selection for water filters that can be fixed at home or work place.

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